What Is A Pre Horse?

A PRE horse, also known as Pura Raza Española, is a highly esteemed breed that originates from Spain. With a rich heritage tracing back centuries, these horses are recognized for their elegance, agility, and intelligence. Sporting a compact yet muscular build, PRE horses excel in various disciplines, including dressage, show jumping, and working equitation. Their noble presence and remarkable versatility make them a popular choice among equestrians worldwide. If you’re seeking a remarkable equine partner with a regal demeanor and exceptional performance abilities, the PRE horse is an excellent choice.

what is a pre horse

Characteristics and Physical Features of PRE Horses

The PRE (Pura Raza Española) horse, also known as the Andalusian horse, is a breed that originated in Spain and is known for its elegance, versatility, and noble appearance. These horses possess several distinctive characteristics and physical features that set them apart from other breeds. In this section, we will explore the unique traits of PRE horses.

1. Elegant Appearance: PRE horses are renowned for their stunning beauty and graceful presence. They have a medium to large-sized frame with a well-defined, muscular build. Their overall appearance exudes elegance and sophistication.

2. Compact and Harmonious Body: The body of a PRE horse is compact and well-proportioned. They have a strong and rounded neck that is arched with a well-defined crest. Their chest is deep and broad, and their back is short and strong. The croup is slightly sloping, giving them a well-balanced and harmonious physique.

3. Thick, Flowing Mane and Tail: One of the most distinguishing features of PRE horses is their luxurious, thick, and flowing mane and tail. Their mane is typically long and abundant, often cascading down the neck, while their tail is likewise voluminous and reaches the ground.

4. Noble Head: PRE horses possess a noble and expressive head. Their profile is straight or slightly convex, with a broad forehead and well-set, expressive eyes. Their ears are medium-sized and alert, enhancing their overall regal appearance.

5. Strong and Compact Legs: PRE horses have robust, well-structured legs. Their legs are short in proportion to their body, yet strong and muscular. They have dense, powerful hooves that enable them to excel in various equestrian disciplines.

6. Agile and Flexible Movements: PRE horses are known for their agility, athleticism, and impressive movements. They possess natural collection and extension, making them suitable for various disciplines such as dressage, show jumping, and even driving.

7. Versatile Temperament: Alongside their physical attributes, PRE horses are known for their versatile and gentle temperament. They are highly intelligent, willing to learn, and possess a remarkable work ethic. These traits contribute to their success in both the show ring and everyday equestrian activities.

8. Variety of Coat Colors: PRE horses come in a wide range of coat colors, including gray, bay, black, chestnut, and dun. The most common color among them is gray, which further enhances their striking appearance.

In summary, PRE horses possess a combination of physical attributes and characteristics that make them truly remarkable. From their elegant appearance to their versatile temperament and impressive movements, these horses continue to captivate equestrian enthusiasts and excel in various equestrian disciplines.

Training and Riding Techniques for PRE Horses

Training and riding techniques play a vital role in bringing out the best in PRE (Pura Raza Española) horses. These elegant Spanish horses are known for their beauty, grace, and athleticism. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced rider, understanding the right techniques will help you develop a strong bond with your PRE horse and improve your riding skills. In this section, we will explore various training and riding techniques that are specifically tailored for PRE horses.

1. Establishing Trust and Respect

Building a strong foundation based on trust and respect is essential when training a PRE horse. These horses are highly intelligent and sensitive, so it is important to establish a positive and respectful relationship from the very beginning. To earn your horse’s trust, spend time grooming, handling, and interacting with them daily. Use positive reinforcement techniques such as rewards and praise to reinforce good behavior.

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2. Groundwork Exercises

Groundwork exercises are crucial for developing balance, suppleness, and obedience in PRE horses. These exercises are performed from the ground and help establish clear communication between you and your horse. Some common groundwork exercises include lunging, long-lining, and in-hand work. These exercises not only improve your horse’s physical fitness but also help them understand and respond to your cues.

3. Dressage Training

Dressage training is highly beneficial for PRE horses as it emphasizes balance, suppleness, and collection. Dressage exercises help improve the horse’s responsiveness to aids, promote correct movement, and develop the horse’s overall athleticism. It is recommended to work with a professional dressage trainer who has experience with PRE horses to achieve optimal results.

4. Trail Riding

Trail riding is an excellent way to expose PRE horses to different environments and experiences. It helps develop their confidence, adaptability, and trust in their rider. Start with short, easy trails and gradually increase the difficulty level. Always prioritize safety and choose appropriate terrain and trails for your horse’s fitness level.

5. Collection and Extension Exercises

Collection and extension exercises are essential for improving a PRE horse’s balance, engagement, and overall athleticism. These exercises involve varying the horse’s stride length and tempo while maintaining balance and rhythm. They help develop the horse’s ability to collect and extend their movements, which is crucial for more advanced riding and competition.

6. Jumping and Cross-Training

Jumping and cross-training can provide a fun and challenging aspect to your PRE horse’s training regimen. These activities help improve the horse’s coordination, athleticism, and confidence. When incorporating jumping exercises, start with small obstacles and gradually increase the height and difficulty level as your horse progresses. Work with a qualified jumping instructor to ensure proper technique and safety.

7. Continuous Education and Professional Guidance

Continuing education and seeking professional guidance are key to achieving success in training and riding PRE horses. Attend workshops, clinics, and seminars to enhance your knowledge and skills. Work with experienced trainers who have a deep understanding of PRE horses and their unique characteristics. A professional trainer can provide valuable insights, correct any issues, and guide you towards achieving your training goals.

In summary, training and riding techniques for PRE horses require a combination of trust, respect, and consistent practice. Groundwork exercises, dressage training, trail riding, collection and extension exercises, jumping, and seeking professional guidance are essential elements of a well-rounded training program. By mastering these techniques and developing a harmonious partnership with your PRE horse, you can unlock their true potential and enjoy a fulfilling equestrian journey together.

Popular Uses and Disciplines for PRE Horses

PRE horses, also known as Pure Spanish Horses or Andalusians, have a rich history and are highly regarded for their versatility and exceptional qualities. These magnificent horses are prized for their beauty, athleticism, and gentle nature, making them suitable for various disciplines and uses. In this section, we will explore some of the popular uses and disciplines for PRE horses.


PRE horses excel in dressage, which is often referred to as the “ballet of equestrian sports.” Known for their natural collection, impulsion, and elegance, PRE horses are highly sought after by dressage enthusiasts and professionals alike. Their athletic abilities and willingness to work make them ideal for learning advanced dressage movements such as piaffe, passage, and pirouettes.

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Working Equitation

Working Equitation is a discipline that originated in Spain and showcases the skills traditionally used in working with livestock. PRE horses are well-suited for this discipline due to their intelligence, agility, and versatility. They demonstrate their abilities in various tasks such as dressage, obstacle courses, and cattle handling, reflecting their historical role as a working horse in rural Andalusia.

Show Jumping

While PRE horses may not be as common in show jumping as other breeds, they can still excel in this discipline. With their natural strength, scope, and agility, they can navigate technical courses and jump with precision. Their willing nature and quick reflexes make them competitive in the show jumping arena, and they often surprise onlookers with their athletic prowess.


PRE horses are well-suited for driving due to their calm temperament, intelligence, and strong work ethic. They excel in both single and pair driving, demonstrating their ability to pull carriages with elegance and precision. Whether it’s in a competitive driving event or a leisurely drive through the countryside, PRE horses bring a touch of elegance to the world of driving.

Trail Riding

With their gentle nature and surefootedness, PRE horses are a popular choice for trail riding enthusiasts. They are comfortable on varied terrain and can navigate through challenging trails with ease. Their calm temperament and willingness to please make them reliable companions for leisurely rides through forests, mountains, or along the beach.

Working Cattle

Historically, PRE horses were used in Spain for herding and working cattle. Their agility, strength, and intelligence allowed them to excel in this demanding task. Today, there are still some PRE horses involved in working cattle, showcasing their natural talent for herding and helping ranchers with their livestock.

Classical Riding and Exhibition

PRE horses are often seen in classical riding and exhibition events, where they showcase their elegance, grace, and the harmony between horse and rider. These events highlight the horse’s natural movements and their ability to perform advanced maneuvers such as levade, capriole, and courbette. Their beauty and presence make them a crowd favorite in these exhibitions.

In summary, PRE horses have a wide range of uses and excel in various equestrian disciplines. From dressage to working equitation, show jumping to driving, and trail riding to working cattle, these magnificent horses continue to captivate enthusiasts and professionals alike with their versatility, athleticism, and gentle nature.

Care and Maintenance of PRE Horses

Proper care and maintenance are essential for the overall health and well-being of PRE (Pura Raza Española) horses. These magnificent creatures require specific attention to their diet, exercise, grooming, and healthcare needs in order to thrive. In this section, we will delve into the key aspects of caring for and maintaining PRE horses to ensure their optimal health and performance.

1. Diet

The diet of a PRE horse plays a crucial role in maintaining their health and vitality. These horses have unique nutritional requirements that must be met to support their muscular development and overall fitness. As herbivores, the majority of their diet should consist of high-quality forage.

PRE horses should have access to fresh, clean water at all times. In addition to forage, they may require additional supplementation to meet their nutritional needs. It is important to consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to ensure the proper balance of vitamins, minerals, and protein in their diet.

2. Exercise

Regular exercise is essential for the physical and mental well-being of PRE horses. These horses are known for their athleticism and agility, and they thrive when given the opportunity to engage in regular physical activity.

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Exercise should be varied and include a mix of cardiovascular workouts, such as light trotting or cantering, as well as strength-building exercises, such as hill work or dressage. It is important to gradually increase the intensity and duration of exercise to prevent injury and improve fitness levels.

3. Grooming

Grooming is not only a way to keep a PRE horse looking clean and presentable, but it also serves as an important bonding activity between the horse and its handler. Regular grooming sessions help to stimulate blood circulation, remove dirt and debris, and promote a healthy coat.

PRE horses have a luxurious and often thick mane and tail, which requires regular brushing and conditioning to prevent tangles and keep it in optimal condition. Regular hoof care, including trimming and cleaning, is also essential to maintain the horse’s soundness.

4. Healthcare

Regular veterinary care is vital to ensure the health and well-being of PRE horses. This includes routine vaccinations, dental examinations, and deworming protocols. It is important to work closely with a knowledgeable equine veterinarian to develop a comprehensive healthcare plan tailored to the specific needs of the horse.

In addition to routine veterinary care, PRE horses may require specialized healthcare due to their predisposition to certain conditions, such as osteochondrosis or recurrent uveitis. Regular check-ups and monitoring can help detect any potential issues early and provide prompt treatment.

5. Environmental Considerations

The environment in which a PRE horse is kept can greatly impact its health and well-being. These horses thrive in a clean, well-ventilated stable or pasture with access to shelter from extreme weather conditions.

It is important to regularly clean and disinfect stables to prevent the spread of diseases and provide a comfortable living environment. Adequate turnout time in a safe and secure pasture is also essential to allow the horse to graze, socialize, and exhibit natural behaviors.


Proper care and maintenance are vital to ensuring the health and well-being of PRE horses. From their diet and exercise routine to grooming and healthcare, every aspect of their care plays a crucial role in their overall health and performance. By providing the necessary attention and meeting their specific needs, PRE horses can lead happy, healthy lives as magnificent and majestic companions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a PRE horse?

A PRE horse, which stands for Pura Raza Española, is a breed of horse that originated in Spain. They are also known as Andalusians or Spanish horses. PRE horses are known for their elegance, agility, and intelligence. They are highly sought after for dressage and other equestrian disciplines.


In conclusion, a PRE horse, also known as a Pura Raza Española or Pure Spanish Horse, is a breed that traces its roots back to ancient times in the Iberian Peninsula. With their graceful movements, noble appearance, and versatile nature, PRE horses have gained popularity worldwide.

These magnificent animals excel in various disciplines, including dressage, show jumping, and working equitation. Their impressive athleticism and trainable temperament make them sought after by both professional riders and amateurs alike.

Whether you are a seasoned equestrian or an enthusiast looking for a loyal and talented equine partner, a PRE horse is a remarkable choice. With their rich history, exceptional qualities, and enduring beauty, these horses continue to captivate the hearts of horse lovers around the globe.