How To Stop A Horse From Chewing Wood?

Are you tired of your horse constantly chewing on wood and causing damage to your stable or fences? Look no further! We have the solution for you. By understanding the underlying reasons behind this behavior and implementing effective techniques, you can successfully stop your horse from chewing wood. From providing appropriate chew toys and a balanced diet to addressing boredom and stress, we will guide you through the steps to protect your wooden structures and keep your horse happy and healthy.

how to stop a horse from chewing wood

Understanding the Reasons Behind a Horse’s Wood Chewing Habit

Wood chewing in horses is a common habit that can be frustrating for horse owners. Not only does it result in damage to fences, stalls, and other wooden structures, but it can also lead to health issues for the horse. In this section, we will explore the various reasons why horses develop a wood chewing habit and how it can be addressed.

1. Nutritional Deficiencies

One of the primary reasons behind a horse’s wood chewing habit can be a nutritional deficiency. Horses require a balanced diet that provides them with all the essential nutrients. When a horse lacks certain nutrients, such as fiber or minerals like zinc or magnesium, it may resort to chewing on wood as a way to fulfill its dietary needs. To address this, horse owners should consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to ensure that their horse’s diet is well-balanced and meets all nutritional requirements.

2. Boredom and Lack of Stimulation

Another common cause of wood chewing in horses is boredom and a lack of mental stimulation. Horses are naturally active animals that require regular exercise and mental engagement. When they are confined to a stall or pasture without proper stimulation, they may resort to wood chewing as a way to occupy themselves. To combat this, horse owners should provide their horses with ample turnout time, social interaction with other horses, and mental stimulation through toys or treat puzzles.

3. Dental Issues

Dental problems can also lead to wood chewing in horses. Malocclusions, sharp edges, or other dental abnormalities can cause discomfort or pain while eating, leading the horse to seek relief by chewing on wood. Regular dental check-ups and floating procedures can help identify and address any dental issues that may be contributing to the wood chewing habit.

4. Stress or Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can manifest in different ways in horses, and one of them is through wood chewing. Changes in environment, routine, or social dynamics can trigger stress in horses and result in the development of destructive habits like wood chewing. It is essential for horse owners to identify and address the underlying causes of stress to help alleviate the wood chewing habit. Providing a calm and predictable environment, as well as implementing relaxation techniques or using calming supplements, may be beneficial in reducing stress-related wood chewing.

5. Learned Behavior

Horses are intelligent animals that can learn behaviors from their surroundings. In some cases, horses may start wood chewing due to observing other horses engaging in this behavior. This learned behavior can be challenging to address, but with consistent training and redirection, it is possible to discourage wood chewing. Providing appropriate chew toys or treats can redirect the horse’s chewing behavior to more suitable alternatives.

In summary, wood chewing in horses can be caused by various factors, including nutritional deficiencies, boredom, dental problems, stress or anxiety, and learned behavior. Horse owners should work closely with equine professionals to identify the underlying cause of the wood chewing habit and implement appropriate measures to address it. By addressing the root cause and providing the horse with a well-balanced diet, mental and physical stimulation, and a stress-free environment, the wood chewing habit can be minimized or eliminated, improving the overall well-being of the horse.

Natural Remedies and Supplements to Deter Horses from Chewing Wood

Wood chewing is a common behavior among horses that can be not only destructive to fencing and stables, but also harmful to their health. Horses chew wood due to various reasons such as boredom, nutrient deficiencies, or dental issues. While it is essential to address the root cause of wood chewing, there are several natural remedies and supplements that can help deter horses from this behavior. In this section, we will explore some of these remedies and supplements.

1. Bitter-Tasting Sprays

One effective way to discourage horses from chewing wood is by applying bitter-tasting sprays on the surfaces they tend to chew. These sprays have a strong and unpleasant taste that horses dislike, discouraging them from indulging in wood chewing. Bitter apple spray, cayenne pepper spray, or commercial equine deterrent sprays are popular options that can be easily sprayed onto wooden surfaces.

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2. Chew Toys and Distractions

Providing horses with appropriate chew toys and distractions can redirect their urge to chew towards more suitable items. Hanging large, solid rubber balls or sturdy rubber toys in the stable or pasture can help keep horses entertained and occupied. Additionally, providing regular mental stimulation through interactions, exercise, or turnout can prevent horses from resorting to wood chewing out of boredom.

3. Nutritional Supplements

Wood chewing can sometimes indicate nutrient deficiencies in a horse’s diet. By addressing these deficiencies through nutritional supplements, horses may have reduced cravings for wood. Certain supplements like magnesium, vitamin B1, or zinc can help regulate a horse’s appetite and provide the necessary nutrients they may be lacking.

4. Grazing and Forage

Ensuring that horses have access to plenty of grazing and forage can help satisfy their natural chewing instincts. Providing ample pasture time with good-quality grass helps prevent boredom and provides the necessary fiber to keep horses occupied. A well-balanced diet that includes sufficient roughage can reduce the likelihood of horses resorting to wood chewing as a substitute for grazing.

5. Regular Dental Care

Dental issues such as sharp points or uneven wear can contribute to wood chewing in horses. Regular dental check-ups and floating, which is the process of filing down the teeth to remove any sharp edges, can help alleviate dental discomfort and reduce the urge to chew wood. Ensuring that a horse’s dental health is regularly monitored and maintained is important in preventing wood chewing behavior.

6. Environmental Modifications

Making environmental modifications in the horse’s living area can also help deter wood chewing. Removing or covering surfaces that horses tend to chew, such as exposed wooden beams or corners, can reduce the opportunities for them to engage in this behavior. Using chew guards or metal strips on wooden surfaces can also act as a physical deterrent.

7. Consistency and Positive Reinforcement

Consistent training and positive reinforcement techniques can help discourage wood chewing in horses. Rewarding horses when they exhibit appropriate chewing behavior, such as chewing on appropriate toys or forage, can reinforce the desired behavior. It is important to avoid punishment or negative reinforcement, as it can create stress and potentially exacerbate the wood chewing problem.

8. Veterinary Consultation

If wood chewing persists despite trying various natural remedies and supplements, it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian. They can assess the horse’s overall health, diet, and behavior to determine if there are any underlying medical conditions contributing to the behavior. A veterinarian can provide further guidance and recommend additional treatments or interventions if necessary.

In summary, wood chewing in horses can be deterred through a combination of natural remedies and supplements. Bitter-tasting sprays, chew toys, nutritional supplements, grazing and forage, regular dental care, environmental modifications, consistency in training, and veterinary consultation are all valuable approaches to discourage wood chewing. By addressing the root causes, providing appropriate alternatives, and ensuring a horse’s overall well-being, wood chewing can be minimized and horses can be kept healthy and content.

Implementing Behavioral Training Techniques to Stop Wood Chewing in Horses

Wood chewing is a destructive behavior commonly observed in horses. Not only can it cause damage to fences and structures, but it can also pose serious health risks to the horse. Wood chewing is often a result of boredom, stress, or a nutritional deficiency. If left unaddressed, it can become a persistent habit. Fortunately, there are several behavioral training techniques that can be implemented to stop wood chewing in horses.

1. Identify the Underlying Cause

Before implementing any training techniques, it is important to identify the underlying cause of the wood chewing behavior. This can be done through careful observation and consultation with a veterinarian or equine behavior specialist. Common causes include boredom, insufficient forage availability, high starch diets, and oral discomfort. Once the cause is identified, appropriate measures can be taken to address it.

2. Increase Forage Availability

One of the most effective ways to prevent wood chewing is to ensure that the horse has access to an ample supply of forage. Horses have a natural grazing instinct, and by providing them with constant access to hay or pasture, they are less likely to resort to wood chewing out of boredom or hunger. Using slow-feed hay nets or providing multiple feeding stations can also help prolong feeding time and reduce boredom.

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3. Environmental Enrichment

Horses that are bored or stressed often resort to wood chewing as a way to occupy themselves. By providing environmental enrichment, such as toys, treat balls, or hanging feeders, the horse’s attention can be redirected away from wood chewing. Additionally, rotating pasture turnout and providing regular exercise can help alleviate boredom and reduce the need for destructive behaviors.

4. Taste Deterrents

Taste deterrents can be applied to wooden surfaces to discourage horses from chewing. These deterrents are typically bitter or spicy in taste and are safe for use on wood. Products such as commercial sprays or homemade mixtures containing vinegar, hot sauce, or citrus can be applied to the wood. It is important to regularly reapply the deterrents, especially after rain or heavy dew.

5. Reinforcement Training

Reinforcement training can be used to teach horses alternative behaviors to wood chewing. Positive reinforcement, such as rewards or praise, can be given when the horse engages in desired behaviors, such as playing with toys or grazing. Conversely, negative reinforcement techniques, such as vocal reprimands or brief timeouts, can be used to discourage wood chewing. Consistency and repetition are crucial for successful reinforcement training.

6. Address Nutritional Deficiencies

If wood chewing is attributed to a nutritional deficiency, it is important to address the horse’s diet accordingly. Consultation with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist can help identify any imbalances or deficiencies in the horse’s diet and develop a suitable feeding plan. Supplementing with appropriate vitamins, minerals, or roughage can help prevent wood chewing caused by nutritional issues.

7. Seek Professional Help

If wood chewing persists despite implementing behavioral training techniques, it may be beneficial to consult with a professional equine behaviorist or trainer. They can provide personalized guidance and develop a training plan tailored to the horse’s specific needs. Additionally, they can assess the horse’s environment and suggest any necessary modifications to prevent wood chewing.


Wood chewing in horses can be a frustrating behavior that poses both physical and financial risks. By identifying the underlying cause and implementing appropriate behavioral training techniques, wood chewing can be effectively addressed. Increasing forage availability, providing environmental enrichment, using taste deterrents, reinforcement training, addressing nutritional deficiencies, and seeking professional help when needed are all valuable strategies to stop wood chewing in horses. Remember, consistency, patience, and a comprehensive approach are key to successfully eliminating this destructive behavior.

Creating a Horse-Friendly Environment to Minimize Wood Chewing Behavior

Wood chewing can be a frustrating behavior that many horse owners have to deal with. Not only does it result in damage to fences, stalls, and other wooden structures, but it can also be detrimental to the horse’s health if they ingest splintered wood. Understanding the reasons behind wood chewing and creating a horse-friendly environment can help minimize this behavior. In this section, we will explore effective strategies to discourage wood chewing and provide a safe and stimulating environment for your horse.

1. Identify the Underlying Causes

The first step in addressing wood chewing behavior is to identify the underlying causes. Wood chewing can be triggered by various factors:

  • Boredom or lack of mental stimulation
  • Dietary deficiencies, such as a lack of roughage
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Teething in young horses

By determining the root cause of wood chewing, you can tailor your approach to effectively address the behavior.

2. Provide Sufficient Mental and Physical Stimulation

One of the main reasons horses engage in wood chewing is boredom. To prevent this, ensure that your horse has plenty of mental and physical stimulation:

  • Provide regular turnout in a pasture or paddock where the horse can interact with other horses and graze on fresh grass.
  • Consider using slow feeder hay nets or hay racks to prolong feeding time and mimic natural grazing behavior.
  • Introduce toys or treat-dispensing devices in the horse’s environment to encourage play and mental engagement.

By keeping your horse mentally and physically stimulated, you can reduce their urge to chew on wood out of boredom or frustration.

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3. Address Dietary Needs

Wood chewing may indicate dietary deficiencies, particularly a lack of roughage. Ensure that your horse’s diet includes sufficient hay or pasture grazing, as this provides the necessary fiber for their digestive health:

  • Offer good-quality hay free-choice to satisfy the horse’s natural grazing instincts and provide them with a constant source of roughage.
  • Consider feeding hay in multiple smaller meals throughout the day to mimic natural grazing patterns.
  • Consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to ensure your horse’s diet is well-balanced and meets their specific needs.

Proper nutrition plays a crucial role in preventing wood chewing behavior and promoting overall health and well-being in horses.

4. Make Wood Less Appealing

In addition to addressing the underlying causes, you can make wood less appealing to your horse:

  • Apply a taste deterrent specifically designed for horses to wooden surfaces. These deterrents typically have a bitter taste that discourages chewing.
  • Provide alternative chewing options, such as horse-safe toys or mineral blocks, to redirect their chewing behavior.
  • Regularly inspect and repair fences and stalls to remove any loose or splintered wood that may be tempting for the horse.

By making wood less appealing and providing suitable alternatives, you can help redirect your horse’s chewing behavior.

5. Reduce Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can contribute to wood chewing behavior. Minimize sources of stress in your horse’s environment:

  • Establish a predictable routine for feeding, turnout, and exercise to provide a sense of security and stability.
  • Ensure that the horse’s living space is well-maintained, clean, and comfortable to create a calm and stress-free environment.
  • Consider using calming supplements or consult with a veterinarian or equine behaviorist for additional suggestions to reduce anxiety.

Reducing stress and anxiety levels can help alleviate wood chewing behavior in horses.


Wood chewing behavior in horses can be addressed by understanding the underlying causes and creating a horse-friendly environment. By providing sufficient mental and physical stimulation, addressing dietary needs, making wood less appealing, and reducing stress and anxiety, you can minimize wood chewing behavior and promote a safe and healthy environment for your horse.


How can I stop my horse from chewing wood?

To stop a horse from chewing wood, provide them with plenty of roughage in their diet, such as hay or grass, to keep them occupied and satisfied. You can also try applying a taste deterrent, like a bitter apple spray, to wooden surfaces to discourage chewing. Providing appropriate chew toys and regular exercise can also help redirect their chewing behavior.

How can I prevent wood chewing in horses?

To prevent wood chewing in horses, ensure they have access to a balanced diet that includes enough fiber. Offer them plenty of grazing time or provide high-quality hay. Regular dental check-ups and addressing any underlying health issues can also help prevent wood chewing behavior. Additionally, providing mental stimulation through toys or companionship can reduce the likelihood of wood chewing.

What can I do if my horse is already habitually chewing wood?

If your horse has already developed a habit of wood chewing, it is important to address the behavior promptly. Start by identifying any underlying issues, such as nutritional deficiencies or boredom. Increase their fiber intake, provide appropriate chew toys, and consider using taste deterrents. Consistency and positive reinforcement training can also help redirect their behavior and discourage wood chewing.


In conclusion, finding a solution to stop a horse from chewing wood is essential for their well-being, as well as maintaining the integrity of your property. By understanding the underlying causes of this behavior, such as boredom, nutritional deficiencies, or anxiety, you can implement effective strategies to address it.

Providing ample pasture time, offering high-quality forage, and ensuring a balanced diet can help alleviate nutritional deficiencies. Additionally, engaging your horse in regular exercise and mental stimulation can help combat boredom and reduce the urge to chew wood.

Using deterrents like bitter sprays or applying physical barriers can also discourage wood chewing. Finally, consulting with a veterinarian or equine behaviorist can provide valuable insights and guidance in resolving this issue.

Remember, patience, consistency, and a holistic approach are key when addressing wood chewing behavior in horses.