Why Is My Horse Eating Poop?

Is your horse eating poop? While it may seem strange, this behavior, known as coprophagia, is relatively common among horses and can have various causes. In some cases, horses eat their own feces due to nutritional deficiencies or digestive issues. However, it’s important to investigate the underlying reasons and address any potential health concerns. This introduction will provide insights into why horses engage in this behavior and what steps you can take to prevent or manage it.

why is my horse eating poop

How to Stop Your Horse from Eating Poop: Effective Prevention Techniques

As a horse owner, you may have noticed that your equine companion has a rather unpleasant habit – eating poop. While this behavior, known as coprophagia, may seem strange and unappealing to us humans, it is actually quite common among horses. However, eating poop can lead to health issues for your horse, as well as potential parasite infestation. Therefore, it is important to take steps to prevent and discourage this behavior. In this section, we will discuss effective techniques to stop your horse from eating poop.

1. Provide a Nutritious and Balanced Diet

One of the main reasons why horses engage in coprophagia is due to nutritional deficiencies. Ensure that your horse’s diet is well-balanced and provides all the necessary nutrients. Consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine if any dietary modifications are required. By addressing any nutritional deficiencies, you can help reduce the likelihood of your horse resorting to eating poop.

2. Monitor Feeding Habits

Keep a close eye on your horse’s feeding habits. Make sure they have access to ample forage such as high-quality hay or pasture. Horses that are fed infrequently or have limited access to forage may be more inclined to eat poop out of hunger or boredom. Establish a regular feeding schedule and provide your horse with enough food to meet their nutritional needs.

3. Minimize Stress and Anxiety

Horses may engage in coprophagia as a response to stress or anxiety. Ensure that your horse is housed in a comfortable and low-stress environment. Provide ample turnout time, social interaction with other horses, and mental stimulation through toys or activities. Minimizing stress can help reduce the likelihood of your horse engaging in this behavior.

4. Clean and Maintain the Environment

Poor stable hygiene and cleanliness can contribute to coprophagia. Regularly clean your horse’s stall, paddock, or pasture to remove any feces. This will help eliminate the temptation for your horse to eat poop. Additionally, ensure that your horse has access to fresh and clean water at all times, as dehydration can also contribute to coprophagia.

5. Use Taste Deterrents

If your horse persists in eating poop despite other preventive measures, you can consider using taste deterrents. There are commercially available sprays or powders that can be applied to the manure to make it taste unpleasant. However, it is important to choose a product that is safe for your horse and does not contain harmful substances. Consult with your veterinarian before using any taste deterrents.

6. Consistent Training and Reinforcement

Consistent training and reinforcement can be effective in curbing coprophagia. When you catch your horse in the act of eating poop, firmly say “no” and redirect their attention to an appropriate behavior. Reward your horse with praise and treats when they refrain from eating poop. With time and consistency, your horse will learn that this behavior is not acceptable.

In summary, coprophagia can be a concerning behavior in horses, but there are effective techniques to prevent and stop it. By providing a balanced diet, monitoring feeding habits, minimizing stress, maintaining a clean environment, using taste deterrents if necessary, and consistent training, you can discourage your horse from eating poop and promote their overall health and well-being.

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The Role of Diet in Preventing Coprophagia in Horses

Coprophagia, the act of consuming feces, is a common behavior observed in horses. While it may seem unpleasant to us, coprophagia is a natural behavior in horses and serves several purposes, such as obtaining certain nutrients and aiding in digestion. However, excessive coprophagia can be detrimental to a horse’s health and should be addressed. One way to prevent coprophagia in horses is by ensuring they have a balanced and nutritious diet.

1. Provide Sufficient Nutrients:

Adequate nutrition plays a vital role in preventing coprophagia in horses. Horses that lack essential nutrients may engage in coprophagia as a way to compensate for the deficiencies in their diet. Therefore, it is crucial to provide horses with a diet that meets their nutritional requirements.

A balanced diet for horses should include:

  • High-quality forage: Horses should have access to fresh and high-quality hay or pasture. The forage should be free from mold, dust, and other contaminants.
  • Concentrates: Commercial horse feeds, such as pelleted or extruded feeds, can provide additional nutrients. These feeds should be formulated to meet the specific needs of the horse, considering factors such as age, breed, activity level, and health status.
  • Minerals and vitamins: Horses require essential minerals and vitamins for overall health. Ensure that your horse’s diet includes a balanced mineral and vitamin supplement or a feed formulated specifically for these requirements.

2. Fiber Intake:

Adequate fiber intake is essential for a horse’s digestive health and can help reduce coprophagia. Fiber-rich forages, such as hay, grass, and pasture, promote proper gut function and provide bulk to the diet. The increased bulk and slower digestion process can reduce the horse’s inclination to engage in coprophagia.

Ensure that your horse has access to high-quality fiber sources throughout the day. Limiting grazing time or leaving a horse without forage for extended periods may increase the likelihood of coprophagia.

3. Manage Protein Levels:

Another factor to consider in a horse’s diet to prevent coprophagia is the protein content. High-protein diets can lead to imbalances in gut flora, which can contribute to coprophagia. Therefore, it is important to provide horses with a diet that contains an appropriate protein level based on their specific needs.

Consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine the optimal protein level for your horse. They can help you choose the right feed or adjust the protein content to maintain a healthy balance.

4. Regular Feeding Schedule:

Establishing a regular feeding schedule can also help prevent coprophagia in horses. Feeding horses at consistent intervals allows for proper digestion and nutrient absorption. When horses are fed at regular times, they are less likely to engage in coprophagia out of hunger or boredom.

Divide your horse’s daily food intake into multiple smaller meals rather than a large meal. This approach mimics a horse’s natural grazing behavior and can help satisfy their nutritional needs.

5. Environmental Enrichment:

Enriching the horse’s environment can also play a role in preventing coprophagia. Horses that are mentally and physically stimulated are less likely to engage in abnormal behaviors, including coprophagia.

Provide ample turnout time in a pasture or paddock, interaction with other horses, and opportunities for exercise and play. Mental stimulation can be achieved through the use of toys, puzzles, or natural obstacles in the horse’s environment.


In summary, ensuring a balanced and nutritious diet plays a crucial role in preventing coprophagia in horses. Providing sufficient nutrients, adequate fiber intake, managing protein levels, establishing a regular feeding schedule, and providing environmental enrichment are all important factors to consider. By addressing these aspects of a horse’s diet and overall care, you can help prevent excessive coprophagia and promote better health and well-being for your horse.

Potential Health Risks Associated with Horses Eating Poop

Horses are fascinating creatures known for their majestic beauty and strength. They have long been domesticated and have been a source of companionship and work for centuries. However, like any animal, horses have their own quirks and habits that may not always be in their best interest. One such behavior is the tendency to eat poop, a practice known as coprophagia. While this behavior may seem unusual and even repulsive to humans, it is actually quite common among horses. In this section, we will explore the potential health risks associated with horses eating poop.

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1. Parasite Transmission:

Horse poop can contain various parasites, including roundworms, tapeworms, and coccidia. When a horse consumes poop that is contaminated with these parasites, it puts itself at risk of infection. These parasites can cause a range of health issues in horses, including digestive problems, weight loss, anemia, and even organ damage. Therefore, the ingestion of poop increases the likelihood of parasite transmission and subsequent health complications.

2. Bacterial Contamination:

Another concern associated with horses eating poop is the potential for bacterial contamination. Horse feces can harbor harmful bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli. When a horse consumes poop that is contaminated with these bacteria, it can lead to gastrointestinal issues, including diarrhea, colic, and in severe cases, systemic infections. Bacterial contamination is a serious health risk that should not be overlooked.

3. Nutritional Imbalance:

While the exact reasons behind why horses eat poop are not fully understood, one theory suggests that it may be an attempt to compensate for nutritional deficiencies. However, consuming feces is not an effective way for horses to meet their nutritional needs. In fact, it can lead to an imbalance in their diet, as the nutrients in feces may not be in the proper ratios or easily digestible form. This can result in malnutrition and related health issues over time.

4. Reinforcing Unhealthy Behavior:

Allowing horses to engage in coprophagia can also reinforce the unhealthy behavior. If a horse finds that eating poop provides temporary relief from boredom, stress, or digestive discomfort, it may develop a habit of seeking out feces as a coping mechanism. This can be detrimental to their overall well-being and may lead to other behavioral issues or even the ingestion of harmful substances along with the poop.

In summary, while horses eating poop may seem like a strange and undesirable behavior to humans, it is important to recognize the potential health risks associated with this habit. Parasite transmission, bacterial contamination, nutritional imbalances, and reinforcing unhealthy behavior are all concerns that can arise from coprophagia in horses. As responsible horse owners and caretakers, it is crucial to take steps to discourage and prevent horses from engaging in this behavior to ensure their long-term health and well-being.

5. Coprophagia in Horses: Myth vs. Reality

Coprophagia, the act of consuming feces, is a topic that often sparks curiosity and controversy when it comes to horses. In this section, we will explore the myth surrounding coprophagia in horses and clarify the reality behind this behavior.

1. Myth: Coprophagia is abnormal behavior in horses

One common misconception about coprophagia in horses is that it is abnormal or unnatural behavior. However, the reality is that coprophagia is relatively common among equines and has been observed in various horse breeds and ages. In fact, it is estimated that up to 40% of foals engage in coprophagia at some point.

While it may seem repulsive to humans, coprophagia serves a purpose in the equine world. It is believed that horses engage in this behavior to replenish their gut microbiota with essential nutrients and beneficial bacteria present in the feces. In addition, coprophagia is more commonly seen in young horses as they develop their digestive systems and explore their environment.

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2. Myth: Coprophagia is a sign of nutrient deficiency

Another myth surrounding coprophagia in horses is that it is a sign of nutrient deficiency. Some horse owners may become concerned if they observe their equine companion engaging in this behavior, assuming that their horse is lacking essential nutrients in their diet.

However, studies have shown that coprophagia is not directly linked to nutrient deficiency in horses. In fact, horses who have access to a well-balanced diet and appropriate forage are also known to engage in coprophagia. This further supports the notion that coprophagia is a natural behavior for horses, rather than a result of nutrient deficiency.

3. Myth: Coprophagia can be stopped through dietary changes

Some horse owners may attempt to eliminate coprophagia by modifying their horse’s diet. They may introduce supplements or feed additives in an effort to discourage this behavior. However, the reality is that coprophagia is highly ingrained in the equine digestive system and cannot be easily stopped through dietary changes alone.

While ensuring a balanced diet and providing ample forage is essential for overall equine health, it is unlikely to eliminate coprophagia completely. Instead, horse owners should focus on providing a safe and clean living environment for their horses, as well as regular veterinary care to address any underlying health issues that may contribute to coprophagia.

4. Myth: Coprophagia is a health risk for horses

Some individuals may mistakenly believe that coprophagia poses a health risk for horses. However, the reality is that coprophagia itself is generally not harmful to equines. Horses have evolved to engage in this behavior, and their digestive systems are equipped to handle it without adverse effects.

That being said, certain situations can increase the potential health risks associated with coprophagia. For example, if a horse consumes the feces of another horse infected with parasites or pathogens, there is a possibility of transmission. Therefore, proper deworming protocols and maintaining good hygiene practices are crucial to minimize any potential health risks.

5. Reality: Coprophagia is a natural behavior in horses

In summary, coprophagia is a natural behavior observed in horses and should not be considered abnormal or a cause for alarm. It serves a purpose in the equine digestive system and is relatively common, especially among foals. While it may be aesthetically displeasing to humans, it is important to understand the reality behind this behavior and provide appropriate care and management for our equine companions.


Why is my horse eating poop?

Horses might eat poop, a behavior known as coprophagy, due to nutritional deficiencies, boredom, or learned behavior. It can also occur when they are stressed or have digestive issues. To prevent this behavior, ensure your horse has a balanced diet, plenty of grazing or hay, and enough mental and physical stimulation. Consult with a veterinarian if the behavior persists or if you have concerns.


In conclusion, while it may be concerning to witness your horse engaging in coprophagy (eating poop), it is a relatively common behavior in the equine world. This habit can stem from various factors such as nutritional deficiencies, boredom, or even social learning from other horses. However, it is crucial to monitor your horse’s health and ensure they have a well-balanced diet to prevent any potential complications. If you’re unsure about your horse’s behavior or have concerns, it is always best to consult with a veterinarian who can provide expert guidance and advice.