Can Chickens Eat Horse Feed?

Can chickens eat horse feed? It’s a common question among poultry enthusiasts and backyard farmers. While chickens can consume some types of horse feed, it’s important to understand the nutritional needs of chickens and the specific ingredients in the horse feed. In this article, we will explore the compatibility of horse feed with chicken diet, potential risks involved, and alternative options for feeding your feathered friends. Let’s dive in and find out if horse feed is a suitable choice for your flock!

can chickens eat horse feed

Considerations for Feeding Chickens Horse Feed

Feeding chickens a well-balanced diet is essential for their overall health and productivity. While commercial poultry feed is the most common choice for chicken owners, some people may wonder if it is safe or beneficial to feed chickens horse feed. In this section, we will explore the considerations for feeding chickens horse feed and whether it is a suitable option.

1. Nutritional Content

Horse feed is specifically formulated to meet the nutritional needs of horses, which differ from the dietary requirements of chickens. While both animals require a balance of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals, the specific ratios and ingredients may vary. Horse feed often contains higher amounts of fiber and lower protein content, which may not fully meet the nutritional needs of chickens.

Moreover, horse feed may contain additives or medications that are safe for horses but not suitable or even harmful to chickens. These additives may include ionophores, which are commonly found in horse feed to prevent coccidiosis, a parasitic infection in horses. However, ionophores can be toxic to chickens and lead to health issues.

2. Digestibility and Palatability

Chickens have different digestive systems than horses, and their ability to break down and utilize nutrients from horse feed may be limited. The size and texture of horse feed pellets or grains may be too large for chickens to consume and digest effectively, leading to poor nutrient absorption.

In addition, chickens may find horse feed less palatable than their regular poultry feed. The taste and texture of horse feed may not be appealing to chickens, resulting in reduced feed consumption and potentially impacting their overall growth and egg production.

3. Health and Safety Concerns

Feeding chickens horse feed can pose health and safety risks. As mentioned earlier, some horse feeds contain additives or medications that may be detrimental to chickens. Additionally, horse feed is not subject to the same quality control standards as poultry feed, which means the risk of contamination or presence of harmful substances is higher.

Another concern is the potential for cross-contamination if horse feed is stored near poultry feed. Even trace amounts of horse feed can introduce unwanted substances or allergens into the chicken feed, potentially causing adverse reactions or health issues in the flock.

4. Alternatives to Horse Feed

If you are considering providing additional nutrition to your chickens beyond their regular poultry feed, there are safer alternatives to horse feed. Instead of horse feed, you can offer chickens a variety of grains, fruits, vegetables, and kitchen scraps to supplement their diet. Additionally, calcium-rich sources like crushed oyster shell or eggshells can help provide the necessary nutrients for strong eggshells.

It is important to remember that the majority of a chicken’s diet should come from a nutritionally balanced poultry feed specifically formulated for their needs. Consult with a poultry nutritionist or veterinarian for expert advice on choosing the most appropriate feed for your chickens.


Feeding chickens horse feed comes with several considerations and potential risks. The nutritional content of horse feed may not fully meet the requirements of chickens, and certain additives can be harmful to their health. Digestibility and palatability can also be issues, as horse feed may be difficult for chickens to digest and may not be appealing to them. Health and safety concerns, such as cross-contamination and lack of quality control, further emphasize the importance of using poultry feed specifically formulated for chickens. Exploring alternative sources of nutrition, such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and kitchen scraps, can be a safer option to supplement their diet. Always seek professional advice from a poultry nutritionist or veterinarian to ensure the optimal health and well-being of your chickens.

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Nutritional Value of Horse Feed for Chickens

Horse feed, although primarily designed for horses, can also be used as a source of nutrition for chickens. It is important to understand the nutritional value of horse feed before including it in a chicken’s diet. This article will explore the key components of horse feed and how they can benefit chickens.

1. Protein

Protein is an essential nutrient for chickens as it plays a vital role in growth and development. Horse feed typically contains a good amount of protein, making it a suitable option for chickens. Protein helps in the formation of feathers, muscles, and tissues in chickens. Including horse feed in their diet can ensure that chickens receive a sufficient amount of protein to support healthy growth.

2. Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates serve as a source of energy for chickens. Horse feed contains carbohydrates in the form of grains such as oats, corn, and barley. These grains are rich in complex carbohydrates that provide a sustained release of energy. Chicken feed supplements can often be high in simple carbohydrates, which can lead to fluctuations in energy levels. Including horse feed in their diet can help maintain consistent energy levels for chickens.

3. Fiber

Fiber is crucial for the digestive health of chickens. It aids in the proper functioning of the digestive system and helps prevent issues such as constipation. Horse feed typically contains a good amount of fiber, often from sources like hay and beet pulp. By adding horse feed to a chicken’s diet, you can enhance their digestive health and ensure the proper absorption of nutrients.

4. Vitamins and Minerals

Horse feed is fortified with essential vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for both horses and chickens. These include vitamins A, D, E, and B-complex vitamins. Additionally, minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and potassium are present in horse feed. These nutrients are vital for overall health, bone development, and immune function. By incorporating horse feed into a chicken’s diet, you can provide them with a well-rounded source of vitamins and minerals.

5. Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Horse feed may also contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial for chickens. These fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can contribute to improved egg quality. Omega-3 fatty acids are known to enhance the nutritional value of eggs, making them more nutritious for consumers. By including horse feed in their diet, you can boost the omega-3 content in chicken eggs.

In summary, horse feed can be a valuable source of nutrition for chickens. It provides essential nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids. By incorporating horse feed into their diet, chicken owners can ensure that their flock receives a balanced and nutritious diet. However, it is important to note that horse feed should be used as a supplement and not as a sole source of nutrition for chickens. It is recommended to consult with a poultry nutritionist or veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount and frequency of horse feed to be included in a chicken’s diet.

Potential Risks of Feeding Chickens Horse Feed

Feeding chickens horse feed may seem like a convenient and cost-effective option, especially if you have both horses and chickens on your farm. However, it is important to understand the potential risks associated with this practice. While chickens can consume certain types of horse feed, there are several factors to consider before introducing it into their diet.

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1. Nutritional Imbalance

Horse feed is specially formulated to meet the dietary needs of horses, which are different from those of chickens. Chickens require a diet that is high in protein and calcium, while horse feed typically contains a higher proportion of carbohydrates. Feeding chickens a diet that lacks the essential nutrients they need can lead to nutritional imbalances and deficiencies, affecting their overall health and egg production.

2. Medications and Additives

Horse feed often contains medications and additives that are safe for horses but may be harmful to chickens. For example, some horse feeds may contain dewormers or medications for joint health, which can have adverse effects on the chickens’ delicate digestive systems. Additionally, certain additives in horse feed, such as mold inhibitors or flavorings, may not be suitable for chickens and can potentially cause health issues.

3. Presence of Ingredients Toxic to Chickens

Some horse feeds may contain ingredients that are toxic to chickens. For instance, certain types of horse feed contain high levels of copper, which is essential for horses but can be toxic to chickens. Feeding chickens horse feed with excessive copper content can lead to copper toxicity, resulting in liver damage and other serious health complications.

4. Digestive Upset and Impacted Crop

Horse feed is typically denser and coarser than chicken feed. Feeding chickens horse feed can increase the risk of digestive upset and impacted crop. Chickens may struggle to break down and digest the larger grains and particles present in horse feed, leading to discomfort, crop impaction, or even potentially fatal blockages in their digestive system.

5. Reduced Egg Quality

Feeding chickens a diet primarily composed of horse feed can negatively impact the quality of their eggs. Horse feed lacks the essential nutrients, such as calcium, that promote strong eggshell formation. Consequently, chickens fed horse feed may produce eggs with thin or brittle shells, increasing the likelihood of breakages and compromising the overall egg quality.

In summary, while it may be tempting to feed chickens horse feed for convenience purposes, it is important to consider the potential risks involved. The nutritional imbalance, presence of medications and additives, toxic ingredients, digestive issues, and reduced egg quality are all factors that can significantly impact the health and well-being of your chickens. It is best to consult with a poultry nutritionist or veterinarian to ensure you are providing your chickens with a balanced and appropriate diet for their specific needs.

Alternative Feed Options for Chickens

Feeding chickens with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their health and overall productivity. While traditional chicken feed is readily available in the market, there are alternative feed options that can be considered to enhance the variety and nutritional value of their diet. These alternative feed options can also be a cost-effective solution for small-scale chicken farmers or backyard chicken keepers.

1. Kitchen Scraps

One of the simplest and most accessible alternative feed options for chickens is kitchen scraps. Instead of throwing away vegetable peels, fruit scraps, and leftover bread, these can be given to chickens as a supplementary feed. However, it is important to note that not all kitchen scraps are safe for chickens. Avoid feeding them anything toxic, such as onions, avocados, or chocolate.

2. Garden Greens

Chickens enjoy a variety of fresh greens from the garden. You can collect weeds, grass clippings, or excess leaves from vegetables like lettuce, spinach, or kale. These greens are not only a nutritious addition to their diet but also a great way to reduce waste and save on chicken feed costs.

3. Insects and Bugs

Chickens are natural foragers and love to hunt and eat insects and bugs. You can encourage this behavior by allowing them to free-range in areas with grass, shrubs, or trees where bugs are abundant. This not only provides a natural source of protein and nutrients for the chickens but also helps control pest populations in your yard or garden.

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4. Grains and Seeds

Adding grains and seeds to the chicken’s diet can be a good source of energy and essential nutrients. Whole grains like oats, wheat, or barley can be offered, either in their whole form or ground into a coarse meal. Sunflower seeds, flaxseeds, or sesame seeds are also beneficial. These can be scattered in the chicken coop or mixed in with their regular feed.

5. Mealworms and Black Soldier Fly Larvae

Mealworms and black soldier fly larvae are highly nutritious and protein-rich feed options for chickens. They can be purchased from local pet stores or even bred at home using dedicated setups. These live or dried insects are a favorite treat for chickens and can be used as a supplement to their regular feed or as a reward during training sessions.

6. Fermented Feed

Fermenting chicken feed can help improve its digestibility and increase the nutritional value. This can be done by soaking the regular chicken feed in water for a day or two, allowing beneficial bacteria to break down the feed. Fermented feed is not only healthier for the chickens but also helps prevent wastage and reduces the overall feed consumption.

In summary, there are several alternative feed options for chickens that can enhance their diet and provide nutritional diversity. Kitchen scraps, garden greens, insects, grains and seeds, mealworms, black soldier fly larvae, and fermented feed are all viable options to consider. It’s important to ensure a balanced diet and avoid feeding anything that may be harmful to the chickens. By incorporating these alternative feed options, chicken farmers can promote better health and well-being for their flock while also reducing feed costs.


Can chickens eat horse feed?

No, chickens should not eat horse feed. Horse feed is specifically formulated for horses and contains ingredients that may not be suitable or nutritious for chickens. It is important to provide chickens with a balanced diet that is specifically designed for their nutritional needs.

What should I feed my chickens?

Chickens should be fed a balanced diet of poultry feed that is specifically formulated for their nutritional needs. This feed typically includes a combination of grains, protein sources, vitamins, and minerals. Additionally, chickens can be supplemented with fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional treats like mealworms or kitchen scraps.

Can chickens eat table scraps?

Yes, chickens can eat certain table scraps as long as they are safe and suitable for their consumption. Avoid feeding them anything toxic or harmful, such as foods with high salt, sugar, or spice content. It is important to provide a balanced diet to chickens, so table scraps should not be their primary source of food.


In conclusion, while chickens can technically eat horse feed, it is not the ideal diet for them. Horse feed is formulated specifically for the nutritional needs of horses and may not provide all the necessary nutrients for chickens. It is important to provide chickens with a balanced diet that includes chicken feed, grains, fruits, vegetables, and insects. Feeding horse feed to chickens in large quantities may lead to imbalances and deficiencies in their diet, impacting their health and egg production. Therefore, it is best to stick to chicken feed that is specifically designed for their dietary requirements.